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Health Services Vending Machine Guidelines

2013 Nutrition Standards for CCHS Vending Machines


Beverages offered in each vending machine shall meet all the following criteria:

  • Fruit-based and vegetable-based drinks that are at least 50% fruit or vegetable juice without added caloric sweeteners and do not exceed 12 fluid oz (1)(2)
  • Water, including carbonated water products, with no added caloric sweetener (1)(2)(3)
  • One-percent fat milk, nonfat milk, or Vitamin D and Calcium fortified soy milk, almond milk, rice milk, and other similar plant-derived milk beverages without added caloric sweetener (1)
  • All other beverages that are low calorie (≤ 40 per container) or no-calorie, including diet sodas (2)
  • 100% vegetable juice (limited to a maximum of 12-ounce container, no added caloric sweeteners, and < 200 milligrams of sodium per container) (2)


Snack food items offered in each vending machine shall meet all the following criteria for each individual package:

  • No more than 250 calories
  • No more than 35% calories from fat (excluding legumes, nuts, nut butters, seeds, trail mixes which include nuts, eggs, non-fried vegetables, and cheese packaged for individual sale). (1)(3)
  • No more than 10% of calories from saturated fat (excluding eggs or cheese packaged for individual sale) (1)(2)(3)
  • No trans fats (1)(2)
  • No more than 35% sugar by weight (not including any fruits and vegetables processed without sugar; canned fruit must be packed in 100% fruit juice or water) (3) Exception: yogurt that contains no more than 30 grams of total sugar per 8 ounce container (and adjusted proportionally for smaller containers)
  • No more than 360 mg sodium (3)

Individual Entrée Items

Means food generally regarded as the primary food in a meal and that contains two or more of the following groups: meat or meat alternatives such as tofu, grains or bread, or vegetables or fruit that are eaten together, including but not limited to, sandwiches, pizza, hamburger on a bun, burrito, chef's salad, fruit and cheese platter, backed potato with chili or chicken stir-fry.

  1. Entrée items shall not exceed 500 calories (1)
  2. Entrée items shall not exceed 600 milligrams of sodium. (The standard will be reduced to a recommended 480 milligrams when there are more entrees available that meet the standard)
  3. No more than 35% calories from fat (2)
  4. No more than 10% calories from saturated fat (2)
  5. No trans fat (3)
  6. No more than 35% of calories from total sugars and a maximum of no more than 15 grams of total sugar in the item (2)

Additional Criteria

  1. At least 1 item in all snack vending machines must meet the FDA definition of "low sodium" (less than 140 mg of sodium per serving for a snack). The lower sodium item should be identified on a label or sign visible from the vending machine window.
  2. At least 1 item in all snack vending machine should contain at least 5 grams of dietary fiber per serving. The higher fiber item should be identified on a label or sign visible from the vending machine window.
  3. Vending machine promotional advertisements shall only promote items that meet the nutritional standards outlined above.

The County vending machine standards are hybrid, based on the standards of the following documents:
(1) AB459 Standards for Vending Machines
(2) National Alliance for Nutrition and Activity (NANA) "Model Beverage and Food Vending Machine Standards"
(3) Network for a Healthy California-Worksite Program, "Vending Machine Food and Beverage Standards"